mon regard sur notre monde / pour des éléments d'exploration, d'information et de réflexion

Olivier Laban-Mattei

Dossier spécial | Haïti: une tragédie sans nom

AVERTISSEMENT: ÉLÉMENTS VIOLENTS / WARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT


photo: Ivanoh Demers


source: AP


photo: Marco Dormino


source: AP


source: AP


photo: Lisandro Suero


source: AP


source: AFP


source: AP


photo: Daniel Aguilar


photo: Olivier Laban Mattei


photo: Lisandro Suero


photo: Lisandro Suero


photo: Marco Dormino


photo: Carlos Barria


photo: Olivier Laban Mattei


photo: Lisandro Suero


photo: Hans Deryk


photo: Marco Dormino


photo: Eduardo Munoz


photo: Lisandro Suero


photo: Lisandro Suero


photo: Chris Hondros


photo: Tatyana Makeyeva


photo: Lisandro Suero


photo: Chris Hondros


photo: Juan Barreto


photo: Lisandro Suero


photo: Lisandro Suero


photo: Bill Greene


Iran: état de la situation, 5 mois plus tard


photo: Yasser al-Zayyat


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photo: Ali Safari


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Selon les chiffres du gouvernement iranien, le bilan des manifestations qui ont suivi l’élection présidentielle de juin dernier serait le suivant: 4,000 manifestants arrêtés, 30 personnes tuées, environ 140 protestataires traduits en justice et 5 condamnés à mort. Selon un bilan non officiel, il s’agirait plutôt de près de 70 morts liées aux manifestations. Et le gouvernement iranien ne parle pas des prisonniers torturés et des femmes violées… Bienvenue au pays de l’Ayatollah Khameiny.


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À la mémoire de Neda Agha-Soltan
1982-2009


Iran: news from IRNA about ”rioters”

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Iran-par Ben Curtis-017
photo: Ben Curtis

کد خبر: 610404 زمان مخابره: 7/5/1388 – 21:46:5
دادستاني تهران:دادگاه اولين گروه عوامل آشوبگر10 مرداد برگزار مي‌ شود
دادستاني تهران طي اطلاعيه اعلام کرد: دادگاه اولين گروه از عوامل ميداني آشوب ها پس از انتخابات ، روز شنبه (دهم مرداد ماه جاري) برگزار خواهد شد.
متن اطلاعيه دادستاني تهران به شرح زير است:

ملت غيور و سرافراز ايران اسلامي
حرکت عظيم و هوشمندانه شما در خلق حماسه‌اي ديگر با حضور 40 ميليوني به ميزان 85 درصد واجدين شرايط در انتخابات دهمين دوره رياست جمهوري رقم خورد بار ديگر عمق دلبستگي امت مسلمان و ولايتمدار ايران عزيز را به آرمان‌هاي معمار کبير انقلاب اسلامي حضرت امام خميني (ره) و بيعت آگاهانه از ولي امر مسلمين حضرت آيت‌الله خامنه‌اي مدظله‌العالي در پيش چشمان تحسين‌گر جهانيان به نمايش گذاشت و برگ زرين ديگري را بر صفحات کتاب قطور مردمسالاري ديني افزود.
انتظار مي‌رفت بعد از اين نمايش قدرت ملي و اسلامي، دشمنان کينه‌توز سرعقل آمده با پذيرش واقعيت ايران مقتدر و يکپارچه راه تعامل منطقي مبتني بر اصول انساني در پيش گيرند، اما متأسفانه بار ديگر شاهد آن بوديم که استکبار جهاني به سرکردگي آمريکا و انگليس عليرغم شعارهاي عوام فريب به اصطلاح بشردوستانه و ادعاهاي رياکارانه‌ مبني بر گسترش دموکراسي، در مقابل يکي از دموکراتيک‌ترين انتخابات‌ دنيا و اراده شما مردم آزاده تمکين نکردند و با دخالت‌هاي آشکار و بي‌شرمانه خود در امور داخلي ايران با طراحي و مديريت اغتشاشات و آشوب‌هاي پس از انتخابات، نقاب از چهره کريه خود برداشتند. البته عده‌اي خود فروخته و گروهي بازي خورده نيز در داخل کشور وسيله دست بيگانگان قرار گرفتند و با اقدامات غير قانوني و هنجارشکن، زمينه فتنه‌‌انگيزي و شرارت را براي عوامل دشمن فراهم نمودند که منجر به وارد آمدن خسارت جاني و مالي فراوان به هموطنانمان گرديد و شيريني اين جشن واقعي را به کام همه تلخ نمود.
مع‌الوصف همانگونه که مردم عزيزمان مطلعند با حضور به‌ موقع و مقتدرانه نيروهاي خدوم و جان برکف انتظامي و امنيتي و بسيج مردمي، اغتشاشگران دستگير و آتش‌افروزي‌ها پايان يافت و همچنين تعدادي از طراحان، هدايت‌کنندگان و عوامل ميداني اغتشاش نيز بازداشت گرديدند که دادگاه اولين گروه از عوامل ميداني آشوبها روز شنبه مورخ 5/88/10 برگزار خواهد شد.
لازم به ذکر است در بين متهمان اشخاصي هستند که از روي تصاوير به دست آمده از آنها در هنگام ارتکاب جرم توسط مردم بيدار و آگاهمان مورد شناسايي و بازداشت شده‌اند. البته برخي از همدستان ايشان که در تصاوير وجود دارند و در حال حاضر متواري‌اند که مطمئناً به زودي با کمک مردم عزيز آنها نيز مورد شناسايي و به دست قانون سپرده خواهند شد.
اتهام اين گروه از متهمين به شرح ذيل مي‌باشد:
1- حمله به مراکز نظامي با سلاح گرم و سرد و بمب‌هاي آتش‌زا
2- حمله به مراکز دولتي و به آتش کشيدن آنها
3- تخريب اموال عمومي
4- ايجاد رعب و وحشت در بين مردم
5- ارتباط با گروه‌هاي معاند و محارب مانند گروهگ منافقين
6- ضرب و شتم مأمورين انتظامي و امنيتي
7- ضرب و شتم شهروندان
8- تخريب اموال شخصي مردم
9- تهيه گزارش براي رسانه‌هاي بيگانه و دشمن
10- توزيع شبنامه بر عليه نظام مقدس جمهوري اسلامي
در پايان يادآوري مي‌‌گردد که به زودي و پس از تکميل پرونده‌هاي بقيه متهمين دادگاه رسيدگي به اتهامات آنان نيز تشکيل و طي اطلاعيه‌هاي بعدي زمان برگزاري هر دادگاه و نتايج آن به اطلاع عمومي مردم عزيز خواهد رسيد.

source: IRNA (Agence presse de la République islamique)

Iran-par Olivier Laban-Mattei-007
photo: Olivier Laban-Mattei

First group of “rioters” will be put on trial on August 1st

IRNA announced today that the first group of protesters will be put on trial soon.

Tehran’s prosecutor issued a statement regarding the post-election events in Iran and announced that the first group among the “central agents of turmoil” will be tried on Saturday, August 1st.

According to the prosecutor, some of these agents were arrested by the security forces and the Basij and some were identified from photos taken at the riots and “as they were committing a crime.”

“Of course some their partners who are also in the photos are currently on the run but will certainly be identified soon with the help of the people and handed to the law.”

Tehran’s prosecutor listed ten charges that are going to be brought against the individuals in this group:

1. Attacking military centers with firearms and bombs
2. Attacking government centers and setting them on fire
3. Destroying public property
4. Creating terror among the public
5. Contact with militant and hostile groups like Mojahedin
6. Violence against the police and security agents
7. Violence against the people
8. Destroying people’s properties
9. Reporting for foreign and hostile media
10. Distributing materials against the holy regime of the Islamic Republic

source: niacblog.wordpress.com

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photo: Ben Curtis

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photo: Ben Curtis

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photo: Olivier Laban-Mattei

Iran-par Behrouz Mehri-010
photo: Behrouz Mehri

Iran-par Olivier Laban-Mattei
photo: Olivier Laban-Mattei

101


U.S. soldiers recall Iraq horrors

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Soldiers from an Army unit that had 10 infantrymen accused of murder, attempted murder or manslaughter after returning to civilian life described a breakdown in discipline during their Iraq deployment in which troops murdered civilians, a newspaper reported Sunday.

Some Fort Carson, Colo.-based soldiers have had trouble adjusting to life back in the United States, saying they refused to seek help, or were belittled or punished for seeking help. Others say they were ignored by their commanders, or coped through drug and alcohol abuse before they allegedly committed crimes, The Gazette of Colorado Springs said.

par Chris Hondros
photo: Chris Hondros

The Gazette based its report on months of interviews with soldiers and their families, medical and military records, court documents and photographs.

Several soldiers said unit discipline deteriorated while in Iraq.

“Toward the end, we were so mad and tired and frustrated,” said Daniel Freeman. “You came too close, we lit you up. You didn’t stop, we ran your car over with the Bradley,” an armored fighting vehicle.

With each roadside bombing, soldiers would fire in all directions “and just light the whole area up,” said Anthony Marquez, a friend of Freeman in the 1st Battalion, 9th Infantry Regiment. “If anyone was around, that was their fault. We smoked ’em.”

Taxi drivers got shot for no reason, and others were dropped off bridges after interrogations, said Marcus Mifflin, who was eventually discharged with post traumatic stress syndrome.

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“You didn’t get blamed unless someone could be absolutely sure you did something wrong,” he said.

Soldiers interviewed by The Gazette cited lengthy deployments, being sent back into battle after surviving war injuries that would have been fatal in previous conflicts, and engaging in some of the bloodiest combat in Iraq. The soldiers describing those experiences were part of the 3,500-soldier unit now called the 4th Infantry Division’s 4th Brigade Combat Team.

Since 2005, some brigade soldiers also have been involved in brawls, beatings, rapes, DUIs, drug deals, domestic violence, shootings, stabbings, kidnapping and suicides.

The unit was deployed for a year to Iraq’s Sunni Triangle in September 2004. Sixty-four unit soldiers were killed and more than 400 wounded — about double the average for Army brigades in Iraq, according to Fort Carson. In 2007, the unit served a bloody 15-month mission in Baghdad. It’s currently deployed to the Khyber Pass region in Afghanistan.

par Stacy L. Pearsall-iraq
photo: Stacy L. Pearsall

Marquez was the first in his brigade to kill someone after an Iraq tour. In 2006, he used a stun gun to shock a drug dealer in Widefield, Colo., in a dispute over a marijuana sale, then shot and killed him.

Marquez’s mother, Teresa Hernandez, warned Marquez’s sergeant at Fort Carson her son was showing signs of violent behavior, abusing alcohol and pain pills and carrying a gun. “I told them he was a walking time bomb,” she said.

Hernandez said the sergeant later taunted Marquez about her phone call.

“If I was just a guy off the street, I might have hesitated to shoot,” Marquez told The Gazette in the Bent County Correctional Facility, where he is serving a 30-year prison term. “But after Iraq, it was just natural.”

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”The Army trains soldiers to be that way”, said Kenneth Eastridge, an infantry specialist serving 10 years for accessory to murder.

“The Army pounds it into your head until it is instinct: kill everybody, kill everybody,” he said. “And you do. Then they just think you can just come home and turn it off.”

Both soldiers were wounded, sent back into action and saw friends and officers killed in their first deployment. On numerous occasions, explosions shredded the bodies of civilians, others were slain in sectarian violence — and the unit had to bag the bodies.

“Guys with drill bits in their eyes,” Eastridge said. “Guys with nails in their heads.”

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Last week, the Army released a study of soldiers at Fort Carson that found that the trauma of fierce combat and soldier refusals or obstacles to seeking mental health care may have helped drive some to violence at home. It said more study is needed.

While most unit soldiers coped post-deployment, a handful went on to kill back home in Colorado.

Many returning soldiers did seek counseling.

“We’re used to seeing people who are depressed and want to hurt themselves. We’re trained to deal with that,” said Davida Hoffman, director of the privately operated First Choice Counseling Center in Colorado Springs. “But these soldiers were depressed and saying, ‘I’ve got this anger, I want to hurt somebody.’ We weren’t accustomed to that.”

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photo: Olivier Laban-Mattei

At Fort Carson, Eastridge and other soldiers said they lied during an army screening about their deployment that was designed to detect potential behavioral problems.

Sergeants sometimes refused to let soldiers get PTSD help or taunted them, said Andrew Pogany, a former Fort Carson special forces sergeant who investigates complaints for the advocacy group Veterans for America.

Soldier John Needham described a number of alleged crimes in a December 2007 letter to the Inspector General’s Office of Fort Carson. In the letter, obtained by The Gazette, Needham said that a sergeant shot a boy riding a bicycle down the street for no reason.

Another sergeant shot a man in the head while questioning him, lashed the man’s body to his Humvee and drove around the neighborhood. Needham also claimed sergeants removed victims’ brains.

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The Army’s criminal investigation division interviewed unit soldiers and said it couldn’t substantiate the allegations.

The Army has declared soldiers’ mental health a top priority.

“When we see a problem, we try to identify it and really learn what we can do about it. That is what we are trying to do here,” said Maj. Gen. Mark Graham, Fort Carson’s commander. “There is a culture and a stigma that needs to change.”

Fort Carson officers are trained to help troops showing stress signs, and the base has doubled its number of behavioral-health counselors. Soldiers seeing an Army doctor for any reason undergo a mental health evaluation.

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Victims of violence in Tehran

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photo: Olivier Laban-Mattei

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photo: Farhad Rajabali

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source: ISNA

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source: capture d’écran de YouTube

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